School Readiness Formula


  • Provide loving, stable, caring relationships and environments for children
  • Read with children at least four times a week
  • Talk with children throughout the day, ask questions and hold engaging conversations
  • Take children for well-child check-ups and establish a home doctor
  • Provide nutritious meals and opportunities for ample physical activity


  • Offer and support official AWEsome Moments and other fun learning experiences for caregivers and young children that incorporate Ohio’s Early Learning Content Standards and Infant/Toddler Guidelines and that help children develop the Kindergarten Entry Attributes listed below.
  • Provide accessible healthcare for all children
  • Work with providers across a variety of settings to offer high-quality child care and other early learning opportunities.


  • Maintain kindergarten entry practices that welcome all age eligible 5 year olds and are ready to support the diverse learning needs of all children
  • Partner with early learning providers to advocate for quality early learning experiences for young children
  • Look beyond risk factors and build upon the social, emotional, physical and cognitive skills of all children as they transition from home or preschool to kindergarten
  • Partner with families to help every child learn and reach his or her potential


All children who are 5 years old by either August 1 or September 30, as determined by the school district, are eligible to enter kindergarten in Ohio. Professionals from early care and education, elementary schools, and higher education have identified some expected attributes for children at the beginning of kindergarten. These attributes are research- based and developmentally appropriate for children entering kindergarten, and are a guide to help parents and educators provide the best experiences for young children.


Social and Emotional

  • Expresses his or her own wants and needs
  • Listens to adults/others and follow simple instructions
  • Follows simple rules and routines
  • Takes turns and shares when playing with other children
  • Separates from parents/families without being upset

Physical Development

  • Dresses and meets toileting needs independently
  • Uses pencils, crayons and scissors
  • Skips, jumps, hops, and catches


  • Identifies and names numbers 0 to 9
  • Counts by touching objects one at a time and saying the numbers in order
  • Sorts objects by attributes such as color, size, or shape
  • Shows understanding of general times of the day


  • Listens to stories read to him or her
  • Answers questions
  • Tells the difference between print and pictures
  • Recognizes letters of the alphabet, at least those in first name, and some others
  • Recognizes and writes name
  • “Writes” or scribble notes, letters, stories
  • Holds a book correctly
  • Recognizes and say simple rhymes
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